The EU has been at the forefront of efforts for peace in the Middle East. Its priorities include further strengthening law and order, and in this context, EUPOL COPPS is an important element in the improvement of security in the occupied Palestinian territories. EUPOL COPPS, which started on 1 January 2006, builds on the work of the EU Coordination Office for Palestinian Police Support, established earlier within the office of the EU Special Representative for the Middle East Peace Process. This initiative followed the expression by EU leaders in June 2004 of their readiness to support the Palestinian Authority in taking responsibility for law and order and, in particular, in improving its civil police and law enforcement capacity.
"EUPOL COPPS is an expression of the EU's continued readiness to support the Palestinian Authority in complying with its Roadmap obligations, in particular with regard to ‘security’ and ‘institution building’ (…). Furthermore, the support of the EU to the Palestinian Civil Police aims at increasing the safety and security of the Palestinian population and at serving the domestic agenda of the Palestinian Authority in reinforcing the rule of law."
COUNCIL JOINT ACTION 2005/797/CFSP of 14 November 2005 on the European Union Police Mission for Palestine.